The Giza Plateau, situated on the outskirts of Cairo, is a remarkable plateau housing the Giza Necropolis from the Fourth Dynasty, approximately 4,500 years ago. This extraordinary site encompasses the sole surviving wonders of the ancient world—the Great Pyramids of Khufu, alongside the pyramids of Khafre and Menkaure—along with the iconic Sphinx, several cemeteries, a workers' village, and an industrial complex. Undoubtedly, it stands as Cairo's most popular attraction, drawing thousands of visitors annually.
The Pyramid of Khufu, also known as the Pyramid of Cheops, is not only the oldest pyramid in Giza but also the largest in all of Egypt. Completed around 2570 BC, it reached an impressive height of 146 meters.
Next in line is the Pyramid of Khafre, or the Pyramid of Chephren, the second-tallest and second-largest pyramid among the three ancient Egyptian pyramids in Giza. Serving as the tomb of the Fourth-Dynasty pharaoh Khafre (Chefren), who reigned from approximately 2558 to 2532 BC.
Completing the trio is the Pyramid of Menkaure, or the Pyramid of Mycerinus, the smallest of the main pyramids in Giza. Situated on the southwestern outskirts of Cairo's Giza Plateau, it was constructed as the burial place for the Fourth Dynasty Egyptian Pharaoh Menkaure.
One of the most renowned monuments in the world, the Great Sphinx, holds a special place within the Giza Plateau. This legendary statue, sculpted from a single piece of stone, features the body of a lion and the face of a man. Stretching 70 meters in length and rising 20 meters in height, its visage bears a striking resemblance to King Kephren.
The Egyptian Museum, also known as the Cairo Museum, stands as a treasure trove of ancient Egyptian antiquities. Constructed in 1901 by the Italian construction company Garozzo-Zaffarani, following a design by the French architect Marcel Dourgnon, this colossal edifice holds one of the largest collections in the region. With a staggering 120,000 items, a representative selection is displayed while the remaining artifacts are stored in its vast storerooms.
Among the remarkable temples in Egypt, the Philae Temple takes pride of place. Dedicated to the goddess Isis, this temple recounts one of the most famous Egyptian mythologies, portraying Isis' efforts to resurrect her beloved husband, the birth of her son Horus, and the mummification of Osiris after his demise. To safeguard it from floods, the temple was relocated to a small island named Agilika following the construction of the High Dam. Its original construction took place during the reign of Ptolemy II in Egypt's Greco-Roman Period. Notably, the obelisks that once adorned the temple were removed by British Consul Henry Salt in 1918 and can now be found in a garden in Dorset, England.
The High Dam, an engineering marvel, lies on the northern border between Egypt and Sudan. Built to protect Egypt from the annual floods of the Nile, construction for this project commenced in 1960 and concluded in 1968. Officially inaugurated in 1971, the dam stands 111 meters tall, spans a length of 3,830 meters, and boasts a base width of 980 meters. Its spillway possesses a discharge capacity of 11,000 cubic meters per second.
The Kom Ombo Temple holds a unique distinction, being dedicated to two deities—the falcon god Horus and the crocodile god Sobek. It was constructed by Ptolemy VI and stands out with its design featuring duplicated courts, halls, sanctuaries, and rooms for both sets of gods. The southern half of the temple honors Sobek, the god of fertility and creator of the world in ancient Egyptian religion, while the northern section pays homage to Horus, the falcon god.
The Temple of Edfu, also known as the Temple of Horus, pays tribute to Horus, the avenging son of Isis and Osiris. It is sometimes referred to as "Apollopolis Magna" in ancient Greek documents, as the Greeks identified Horus with their god Apollo. Situated in Edfu, approximately 109 kilometers away from Luxor, this temple stood as one of the most well-preserved sites in Egypt, having remained entirely buried beneath desert sands until its rediscovery in the 19th century.
The Valley of the Kings served as the burial ground for numerous Pharaonic kings from the 18th to the 20th dynasties. Among its most famous tombs are those of Tutankhamun, where the treasures of this Golden King were discovered, as well as King Thutmose I, King Thutmose III, King Ramses VI, King Amenhotep II, and King Merenptah. During their visit, tourists have the opportunity to explore three tombs based on the availability of open tombs at that time.
Located on the West Bank of the River Nile, the Temple of Queen Hatshepsut, also known as the Deir El-Bahari Temple, pays tribute to the beautiful Queen Hatshepsut, the first known female monarch who ruled for approximately two decades. She was also the stepmother of Pharaoh Thutmose III.
The Colossi Statues of Memnon are a striking sight on the West Bank of the River Nile. These two enormous stone statues depict Pharaoh Amenhotep III, who reigned during the 18th Dynasty around 1350 BC.
The sprawling complex of the Temple of Karnak, situated on the East Bank of the River Nile, stands as the largest open-air museum in Egypt. This grand and ambitious project of ancient Egypt encompasses multiple temple buildings and spans over 100 hectares.
Located in the heart of the city on the East Bank of the River Nile, the Temple of Luxor is a magnificent testament to ancient Egyptian architecture. Its entrance, known as the first pylon, was constructed by Ramses II and adorned with scenes depicting his military expeditions, particularly his victorious campaign at the battle of Kadesh.
The Citadel of Saladin, a medieval Islamic-era fortress in Cairo, was built by Salah ad-Din (Saladin) and further developed by subsequent Egyptian rulers. Over the course of nearly 700 years, from the 13th to the 19th centuries, it served as the seat of government in Egypt and the residence of its rulers. Strategically located on a promontory of the Mokattam hills, it offers commanding views of Cairo and remains a preserved historic site featuring mosques.
Khan El-Khalili, a renowned bazaar and souq in Cairo's historic center, has a rich history dating back to the Mamluk era. Named after one of its historic caravanserais, this bustling district has become a major attraction for both tourists and Egyptians. Alongside its vibrant trading scene, it is home to numerous artisans and workshops specializing in traditional crafts and souvenirs.
- Meet & assist before the immigration at the airport.
- All transfer with A/C privet modern Buses
- 02 nights' accommodation in Cairo based on Bed & Breakfast
- 03 nights' accommodation at Nile Cruise based on Full board excluding beverage.
- 03 Nights' accommodation at Hurghada based on Soft All Inclusive
- All entry fees for sites mention in the program.
- Day Tour Pyramids, Sphinx & Egyptian Museum.
- Cruise Sightseeing as mentioned in the program (Maybe will be joint tours).
- Half Day Tour Citadel of Salah El Din & Khan El-Khalili.
- Private Egyptologist guide during the tour.
- Available language: English, Spanish, German & French (other language with supplement).
- Unlimited mineral water & snacks during the sightseeing.
- Local Sim-Card with internet date per family per package.
- Complimentary Camel Ride for 10 minutes during Pyramids visit.
- Egypt Entry Visa
- International flight ticket as well as the domestic flight ticket if any.
- Any optional tours or Meals or Beverage during tour or Personal expenses or any services didn’t mention in the itinerary.
- Travel insurance
Trip Advisor / Online Egypt Travel